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European Union statistics

 

European Union

The European Union has 25 member states as of 1 May 2004. This number will increase as other states join the Union. Romania and Bulgaria are scheduled to join in 2007.

See also: Enlargement of the European Union

Contents

Institutional Statistics

Member State Year
of
Entry
Seats in
Parli=
ament
Seats in
Parliament
% of Total
Votes in
the Council
Votes in
the Council
% of Total
European Union European Union N/A 732 100.0% 321 100.0%
Austria Austria 1995 18 2.5% 10 3.1%
Belgium Belgium 1957 24 3.3% 12 3.7%
Cyprus Cyprus 2004 6 0.8% 4 1.2%
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2004 24 3.3% 12 3.7%
Denmark Denmark 1973 14 2.0% 7 2.1%
Estonia Estonia 2004 6 0.8% 4 1.2%
Finland Finland 1995 14 2.0% 7 2.1%
France France 1957 78 10.7% 29 9.0%
Germany Germany 1957 99 13.5% 29 9.0%
Greece Greece 1981 24 3.3% 12 3.7%
Hungary Hungary 2004 24 3.3% 12 3.7%
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1973 13 1.8% 7 2.1%
Italy Italy 1957 78 10.7% 29 9.0%
Latvia Latvia 2004 9 1.2% 4 1.2%
Lithuania Lithuania 2004 13 1.8% 7 2.1%
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1957 6 0.8% 4 1.2%
Malta Malta 2004 5 0.7% 3 0.9%
Netherlands Netherlands 1957 27 3.7% 13 4.0%
Poland Poland 2004 54 7.4% 27 8.4%
Portugal Portugal 1986 24 3.3% 12 3.7%
Spain Spain 1986 54 7.4% 27 8.4%
Slovakia Slovakia 2004 14 2.0% 7 2.1%
Slovenia Slovenia 2004 7 1.0% 4 1.2%
Sweden Sweden 1995 19 2.6% 10 3.1%
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1973 78 10.7% 29 9.0%

See also:

Area & Population

The European Union had a population of 456.8 million in 2004. This will exceed 500 million as more states are expected to join the union in the next few years. The most densely populated country is the island of Malta, which is also the smallest, whilst the largest in area is France. The least densely populated country is Finland. The highest and lowest figures in each column have been marked in bold.

Member State Pop.
in millions
Pop.
% of EU
Area
km2
Area
% of EU
Pop. density
People/km2
European Union European Union 454.9 100% 3 976 952 100% 115
Austria Austria 8.2 1.8% 83 858 2.1% 98
Belgium Belgium 10.3 2.3% 30 510 0.8% 340
Cyprus Cyprus 0.8 0.2% 9 250 0.2% 84
Czech Republic Czech Republic 10.2 2.2% 78 866 2.0% 130
Denmark Denmark 5.4 1.2% 43 094 1.1% 126
Estonia Estonia 1.4 0.3% 45 226 1.1% 29
Finland Finland 5.2 1.1% 337 030 8.5% 15
France France 60.2 13.2% 547 030 13.8% 111
Germany Germany 82.4 18.1% 357 021 9.0% 231
Greece Greece 10.7 2.4% 131 940 3.3% 81
Hungary Hungary 10 2.2% 93 030 2.3% 108
Republic of Ireland Ireland 3.9 0.9% 70 280 1.8% 57
Italy Italy 58 12.8% 301 320 7.6% 193
Latvia Latvia 2.3 0.5% 64 589 1.6% 35
Lithuania Lithuania 3.5 0.8% 65 200 1.6% 55
Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.5 0.1% 2 586 0.1% 181
Malta Malta 0.4 0.1% 316 0.0% 1 261
Netherlands Netherlands 16.2 3.6% 41 526 1.0% 395
Poland Poland 38.6 8.5% 312 685 7.9% 124
Portugal Portugal 10.1 2.2% 92 931 2.3% 114
Spain Spain 40.2 8.8% 504 782 12.7% 80
Slovakia Slovakia 5.4 1.9% 48 845 1.2% 111
Slovenia Slovenia 1.9 0.4% 20 253 0.5% 99
Sweden Sweden 8.9 2.0% 449 964 11.3% 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom 60.1 13.2% 244 820 6.2% 243

See also: Largest cities of the European Union by population

Economy

For statistics relating to economy, please see Economy of the European Union.

EU Budget

The primary resource for funding the European Union is the contributions sought from member states. Each member state contributes to the EU budget, and receives funding back from the EU, depending on the relative wealth of the states, i.e. their ability to pay.

The table below shows the contributions as a percentage of the total budget. This takes into account the special considerations given to the United Kingdom to reduce its contribution through a rebate.

Member State Total
Contribution
in Euros
Total
Contribution
as % of total EU budget
European Union European Union 105 259 468 772 100.00%
Germany Germany 22 218 438 941 21.11%
France France 17 303 107 859 16.44%
Italy Italy 14 359 479 157 13.64%
United Kingdom United Kingdom 13 739 900 046 13.05%
Spain Spain 8 957 286 488 8.51%
Netherlands Netherlands 5 552 933 781 5.28%
Belgium Belgium 4 035 286 807 3.83%
Sweden Sweden 2 832 862 800 2.69%
Austria Austria 2 308 432 030 2.19%
Denmark Denmark 2 130 860 212 2.02%
Poland Poland 2 099 087 114 1.99%
Greece Greece 1 882 611 879 1.79%
Finland Finland 1 544 832 284 1.47%
Portugal Portugal 1 443 049 602 1.37%
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1 341 281 313 1.27%
Hungary Hungary 1 003 119 411 0.95%
Czech Republic Czech Republic 932 392 859 0.89%
Slovakia Slovakia 393 148 777 0.37%
Slovenia Slovenia 299 993 572 0.29%
Luxembourg Luxembourg 241 439 011 0.23%
Cyprus Cyprus 144 556 416 0.14%
Latvia Latvia 115 205 431 0.11%
Estonia Estonia 100 756 308 0.10%
Malta Malta 57 409 269 0.05%

Proportion of non-EU nationals

In most EU cities, there is a proportion of its inhabitants which are not nationals of the European Union. Eurostat has compiled figures for this, which are listed below.

Top 10 Cities
Rank City Proportion
%
1 Tallinn, Estonia 27.8
2 Cayenne, French Guiana (France) 22.7
3 Athens, Greece 16.7
4 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 16.3
5 Germany Munich, Germany 16.2
6 Austria Vienna, Austria 14.4
7 Germany Augsburg, Germany 14.3
8 Germany Cologne, Germany 14.0
9 Germany Wiesbaden, Germany 13.9
10 Germany Bonn, Germany 13.5
Bottom 10 Cities
Rank City Proportion
%
1 Poland Konin, Poland 0.0
= Poland Suwalki, Poland 0.0
= Poland Zory, Poland 0.0
2 Poland Kielce, Poland 0.1
= Poland Poznan, Poland 0.1
= Poland Torun, Poland 0.1
= Poland Lublin, Poland 0.1
= Poland Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland 0.1
= Poland Gdansk, Poland 0.1
= Poland Katowice, Poland 0.1

Freedom and Governance-related Rankings

There are many indices available on issues such as corruption, development, and freedom.

Freedom of the Press

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1 Denmark Denmark 1
= Finland Finland =
= Republic of Ireland Ireland =
= Netherlands Netherlands =
= Slovakia Slovakia =
6 Latvia Latvia 10
7 Estonia Estonia 11
= Germany Germany =
= Sweden Sweden =
10 Slovenia Slovenia 15
11 Lithuania Lithuania 16
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
12 Austria Austria 17
13 Czech Republic Czech Republic 19
= France France =
15 Belgium Belgium =22
16 Portugal Portugal 25
17 Hungary Hungary 28
= United Kingdom United Kingdom =
19 Poland Poland 32
20 Greece Greece 33
21 Italy Italy 39
= Spain Spain =

Reporters sans frontičres conducts an annual survey on the freedom of the press and produces scores (not shown here) for each country. In 2004 five countries, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands and Slovakia all ranked as having the most free press with a score of 0.50, whilst Italy and Spain were ranked as having the least free press in the European Union, with a score of 9.00.

There is no data available for Cyprus, Luxembourg, or Malta, and hence are not included in these statistics.

Economic Freedom

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1 Luxembourg Luxembourg 3
2 Estonia Estonia 4
3 Republic of Ireland Ireland =5
4 United Kingdom United Kingdom 7
5 Denmark Denmark =8
6 Sweden Sweden 14
7 Finland Finland 15
8 Netherlands Netherlands 17
9 Germany Germany 18
10 Austria Austria 19
11 Belgium Belgium 21
= Cyprus Cyprus =
13 Lithuania Lithuania 23
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
14 Italy Italy 26
15 Latvia Latvia 28
16 Malta Malta =29
17 Spain Spain 31
18 Czech Republic Czech Republic =33
19 Hungary Hungary 35
20 Slovakia Slovakia 36
21 Portugal Portugal =37
22 Poland Poland 41
23 France France 44
24 Slovenia Slovenia =45
25 Greece Greece 59

An index of Economic Freedom is produced by the Wall Street Journal and the Heritage Foundation. It uses 50 different variables to compile the survey, in areas such as trade policy and government intervention. Luxembourg ranks as having the most economic freedom in the European Union, and is also placed third out of all nations surveyed.

A similar index produced by the World Economic Forum is its Global Competitiveness Index.


Perception of Corruption

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1 Finland Finland 1
2 Denmark Denmark =3
3 Sweden Sweden 6
4 Netherlands Netherlands 10
5 United Kingdom United Kingdom 11
6 Austria Austria 13
= Luxembourg Luxembourg =
8 Germany Germany 15
9 Belgium Belgium 17
= Republic of Ireland Ireland =
11 France France 22
= Spain Spain =
13 Malta Malta 25
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
14 Portugal Portugal 27
15 Estonia Estonia 31
= Slovenia Slovenia =
17 Cyprus Cyprus 36
18 Hungary Hungary 42
= Italy Italy =
20 Lithuania Lithuania =44
21 Greece Greece =49
22 Czech Republic Czech Republic 51
23 Latvia Latvia 57
= Slovakia Slovakia =
25 Poland Poland =67

Transparency International is an international NGO publishing an annual Global Corruption Report indicating the perception of corruption around the world. The rankings of the table refer to the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004. The three Nordic countries in the EU, Finland, Denmark, and Sweden rank as having the lowest perception of corruption.

Human Development

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1 Luxembourg Luxembourg 4
2 Sweden Sweden 6
3 Republic of Ireland Ireland 8
4 Belgium Belgium 9
5 Netherlands Netherlands 12
6 Finland Finland 13
7 Denmark Denmark 14
8 United Kingdom United Kingdom 15
9 France France 16
10 Austria Austria 17
11 Italy Italy 18
12 Germany Germany 20
13 Spain Spain 21
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
14 Greece Greece 24
15 Slovenia Slovenia 26
16 Portugal Portugal 27
17 Cyprus Cyprus 29
18 Czech Republic Czech Republic 31
19 Malta Malta 32
20 Hungary Hungary 35
21 Poland Poland 36
22 Estonia Estonia 38
23 Lithuania Lithuania 39
24 Slovakia Slovakia 42
25 Latvia Latvia 48

The Human Development Index is a measure produced by the United Nations which covers three aspects of human development:

Sweden is ranked as being the most developed in the EU and is also second out of all countries which were assessed, only being beaten by Norway.

Income equality

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1 Hungary Hungary 1
2 Denmark Denmark 2
3 Sweden Sweden 4
4 Belgium Belgium 5
5 Czech Republic Czech Republic 6
6 Slovakia Slovakia 8
7 Finland Finland 11
8 Germany Germany 14
9 Slovenia Slovenia 15
10 Austria Austria 21
11 Luxembourg Luxembourg 25
12 Poland Poland 28
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
13 Lithuania Lithuania 30
14 Latvia Latvia 32
15 Spain Spain 34
16 Netherlands Netherlands 35
17 France France 36
18 Greece Greece 49
19 Republic of Ireland Ireland 50
20 Italy Italy 51
21 United Kingdom United Kingdom 52
22 Estonia Estonia 61
23 Portugal Portugal 66

Income inequality, measured by the gini coefficient is how evenly incomes are distributed through the population. Hungary has the least income inequality with a gini coefficient score of 24.4, whilst Portugal has the most income inequality with a score of 38.5. Malta and Cyprus have no statistics available, and so are not included in this table. These statistics have been compiled by the United Nations

See also

Sources

Sources: University World and Wikipedia